In practice, two means of growing violets from seeds have been used: sowing seeds instantly in the open ground or pre-cultivation of seedlings. The latter process is considered more effective, since when utilizing it, you can get flowering plants in the present year.
To obtain high quality planting substance, sowing seedlings must be performed from the previous decade of February or in March. To carry out such actions after mid-spring is not wise, since the seeds have been stored in the open field in the previous decade of April or in early May.
All components are taken in equal proportions and mixed thoroughly.
While utilizing the standard technique of sowing, shallow furrows, about 3-5 millimeters, are made in the nutrient solvent using a pencil, the space between the rows will be approximately 1 centimeter. Then the seeds are put in the made holes every two centimeters and covered by dirt. Now, it’s necessary to water the plants with water and cover the container with translucent film. Following that, the containers are placed in a warm room with a temperature of 20 – 25 degrees.
The very first sprouts of pansies generally appear in 7-10 days from the time of sowing. A after sprouting of seeds stems in the instances of:
- The usage of older planting material;
- in case of filling that the seeds using a thick coating of dirt;
- when employing a nutrient substrate of the incorrect composition, for instance, clay dirt.
Growing violets from seeds: when to plant, planting and maintenance, species and types
In the spring time, the direct rays of sunlight pansies are not afraid, therefore containers with seedlings may be put in the southern portion of the apartment. After sprouting, the purple has fairly strong stems, but this does not mean which you want to instantly eliminate the movie from the container.
Viola needs a good watering, however, moistening the soil ought to be carried out as the top coating dries. To carry out such measures, it’s worth using rain or melt water. Regular tap water should rather endure for 2-3 days. Plants are scared of overwatering, since a high concentration of water in the soil may cause rotting of the flower roots. Selecting up violets
Transplant young plants to new containers needs to be if the first two true leaves are formed. Pansies are not frightened of transplanting, they take root at a new nutritious substrate in spite of slight damage to the root system, which sometimes occurs when the plant is removed from the container. Such violets are a little slower in development, but the overall performance is not affected.
With a deficiency of light or muddy area on the window sill, violet seedlings can extend out. To receive a quality healthy blossom, such civilizations when picking at a new container are deepened to the cotyledons, which will provide an opportunity to get additional origins on the underground region of the stem. Pruning
This kind of occasion as stem pruning lets you achieve a greater tillering of this culture. Such moyakovka.ru steps are completed after the appearance of 5-6 actual leaves.
Planting of backyard violets at a permanent place is contingent on the climatic characteristics of a specific area. Such actions should be performed with the beginning of warm warm weather in the previous ten years of April or at the first days of May. For planting the flower allocate a well-intentioned place.
After digging the ground for each planting hole, add crushed charcoal at medium fraction of 200 grams and the exact same quantity of humus. Viola develops nicely in soils consisting of peat, humus and sod dirt in equal proportions with the accession of half the sand.
During transplanting into a permanent place, ready seedlings are put on the plot each 15-20 centimeters. Cultures are sunk to the previously dug holes covered with dirt. Then compact the ground round the bushes and water that the plants with warm water. When growing garden violets, it’s necessary to separate the bushes in the plantings every three years.
Not every gardener will want to handle the farming of pansies seedlings, as it is quite a troublesome job. In this regard, many flower growers sow seeds directly into the floor. Such operations must be carried out in late May or early June. In cases like this, the flowering of violets will begin in late summer or in September. To acquire the flowering of this culture the subsequent year, in spring, the seeds should be sown in August.